The Aryan migrations might have taken place about a thousand years after the Indus Valley period. Gregory L. Possehl in The Indus Civilization - A Contemporary Perspective summarizes various theories forwarded by previous authors on why and how the Indus Civilization ended, leading to the period from 1900 BC to the Iron Age (around 1000 BC), when there was essentially no habitation in Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and other urban centers, there was a disruption in the economy, luxury items … The following reasons are put forward for its abrupt end: The neighboring desert encroached on the fertile area and made it infertile. There is also a kind of break not only in point of time but also in the kind of civilization that came next. Archaeologists do not know why this happened. The foreigners (Muslim Turks), like the Sakas, yielded to the assimilative power of Hinduism. Archeologists found the remains of plants (wheat, barley, pulses, peas, rice, sesame and mustard) that must be grew by the harappans. Merchants, religious teachers, travelers all of these people spread ideas, culture and their habitats. The Two major cities of Indus valley civilization were. The province of Sind was rich and fertile in ancient times, but from medieval times onward it has been largely desert. The Aryans who poured into India in successive waves from the north-west. The Harappa civilization started from 7500 BCE with Mehrgarh culture but the cities and towns were established between 2500- 1900 BCE. The drainage system of Mohenjo-daro was so profound that every house whether its smalls or large has its own bathroom. Indus Valley Civilization Probably causes of Decline. The civilization started to fall part between 1900BC and 1700BC. By 1500 BC, Harappan culture comes to an end. The Indus cities were at their richest between 2600 and 1900 BC. Together with ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilisations of the Near East and South Asia, and of the three, the most widespread, its sites spanning an area stretching from northeast Afghanistan, through much of Pakistan, and into western and northwestern India. General Knowledge, Indus Valley Civilization. By 1750 BC, there was the end of Indus valley civilization. This city was found beside a tributary of Sabarmati, in this area precious stones were available to harappans. The great Indus Valley Civilization, located in modern-day India and Pakistan, began to decline around 1800 BCE. The ruins of Mohenjodaro built on the layer upon layer of sand raising the ground level of the city. Archaeologists have found evidence that people made and used to made tools from stone, iron, copper and bone. In any event climatic changes must have only affected a relatively small part of the area of this widespread urban civilization. Sand, which overwhelmed and covered the ancient cities, also preserved them. 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The civilization eventually disappeared along with its two great cities, Mohenjo daro and Harappa. The first great cultural synthesis and fusion took place between the incoming Aryans and the Dravidian. The end was partly caused by changing river patterns. ( Log Out / Important persons must take bath in this tank on a special occasion. The Indus Valley civilization began to decline between 1900 and 1800 BCE. Your email address will not be published. Legal Clouds a website with something different to any other website. Cities were divided into two or more parts. The effects were appeared in sites of Sind and West Punjab (present day Pakistan) like rulers lost control in these sites. Thus it took hundred of years again for India to have beautiful cities like Mohen-jo-daro and Harappa. Our ancient history and culture is very vigorous. This includes Iranians, Greeks, Parthians, Huns, Turks; they came and got absorbed. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The Indus Valley lay forgotten and undiscovered for thousands of years. The civilization started to fall part between 1900BC and 1700BC. End of the Indus valley civilization; Bibliography; The Indus cities were at their richest between 2600 and 1900 BC. The biggest mystery about the Indus Valley Civilization is that its script has not been read successfully to date. Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization had emerged in the end of forth millennium BC. Some people say that there was a sudden end to it due to an unexplained catastrophe.