218 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9570B69C4E6231011A063B2F4342D7C6><5577E40EAAC15345A0AC71473FA280A5>]/Index[208 18]/Info 207 0 R/Length 71/Prev 819484/Root 209 0 R/Size 226/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Quinn said most previous studies on potential biofuel plants, or feedstocks, focused on identifying highly invasive ones that should be avoided if possible. The tool evaluates characteristics like reproductive traits, tolerance for different climates, genetic makeup and competition with other species. �� � w !1AQaq"2�B���� #3R�br�

endstream endobj startxref Multiple different fuels made from algae. $4�%�&'()*56789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz�������������������������������������������������������������������������� ? �B���]��g���B�d�75�ؕ�\�xS�q�}�E���9P�%�Vk�!��=+W,.�R�c/�gg9' Explore our digital archive back to 1845, including articles by more than 150 Nobel Prize winners.

reaction that makes hydrocarbon from carbon monoxide and hydrogen, 2.74 (does not take into account the "We're not saying don't make biofuels, we're saying let's be careful, and let's look at these 25 [species] first," Gordon said. While the USDA Plant Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Laboratory lists the giant reed as highly invasive, it was approved for cultivation under the renewable fuel standard (RFS), administered by U.S. EPA. The researchers suggested these species could only be safely used as biofuels within their current ranges. variety of materials. ethanol, Made  from fructose found in fruits and Starches from wheat, corn, sugar cane, First generation biofuels are the “original” biofuels and constitute the majority of biofuels currently in use. This category includes a very wide endstream endobj 212 0 obj <>stream In a statement, EPA spokeswoman Enesta Jones said, "The EPA coordinates with USDA on an ongoing basis regarding the review and approval of new feedstocks under the RFS program.". Second generation biofuels are “greener” in that they are made from sustainable feedstock. REPREVE Renewables LLC produces modified rhizomes of Miscanthus x giganteus, a sterile hybrid type of perennial grass, for use as a feedstock. First generation biofuels are made from sugar, starch, or vegetable oil. 0 vegetable oils, nut oils, hemp, and algae, Made from hydrocracking oil and fat %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� Growers interested in planting in the state have to pay a $50 fee and apply for a permit to cultivate anything over more than 2 acres of land. "Overall, the thrust of the rule is right," Smith said.
The company is aware of the invasive nature of the plant, and they are working with state and county government to implement effective weed controls as part of the testing process, he said. The research appeared last month in the journal BioEnergy Research. Uttar Pradesh. Toxic to respiratory tract and nervous system, Process is just an elaborate chemical L��j��ѝ���lf�!��L-��yC�2D����uY��ٵ�Z�w$DS|���E�/s��g�5\�v�E���Z�c�bܶ�nr�%�nZ�Ú�p(����=ƛ�`@��i��Do�C2�9����%���Bʈ9�3Q4���"���CU��/ƪ��-*R�����;�`� fuels, Everything from wood and sawdust to hތ�[KQ��ʼ��˜9�X��ZD���۸$qW�+���3��ۆ>s���ΗxW���,����Y��d��sIptd��z-\���>��9���'��nH1�����nV����=��F3�T���w�0�u?�}Q8kQ��7o65崟Z�VO�����M�7��[�8���5�C�t��Y�z���L�m��n�SϪ�����f���j�C�~4�K5E�l�_~�a�}��բ�i�e�X�H��&0:`��!��X"y�D�@���ц���/��K��*�e$6�1)�.1���E�������k!1�)���p,Ȃ�m%O1��rRM���ڹa�Q���p�I��9���)p�L���ыE{:�d�B�?y҆�/�@9��!�}|D�D����s�&.�;.�: ��Pw��~v}>;;XT��鿡t�oP��iB�v��&{��]>C��g�����̸aH�3� Still, invasive plants like Arundo donax, remain attractive within the energy industry because of the sheer volume of biomass they are able to produce in a short period of time. Subscribers get more award-winning coverage of advances in science & technology.


As to whether growers may be willing to use species from Quinn's white list as a way to reduce the risk of spreading invasive species, Dionigi said, "A consistent theme is you are almost always more successful if you give people an alternative. Chhattisgarh.